As a woman, particularly, the physiology of your skin changes significantly in your 40s and 50s. This is related in part to changing hormonal levels. As these levels fall, there is reduced production of collagen, elastin and other components of the skin matrix. There are a number of visible changes that occur including:
- Accelerated development of fine lines and wrinkles
- Deepening of wrinkles "in motion" – wrinkles that develop in areas where facial movement result in folding of the skin
- Uneven skin pigmentation, redness, or broken capillaries
- Loss of subcutaneous fat which contributes to a tired look and sagging of facial features
- Whilst these changes are part of the normal ageing process, measures can be taken to reduce the appearance of some of these. Often, the difficulty can be finding time to stick to an elaborate skin care routine. However, using the right, products, even if you are short on time, you should see results in keeping your skin looking healthy and glowing regardless of your biological age.
So here, I have devised a cheat’s list of the absolute minimum your skin needs to deal with common problems from your 40s onwards.
Cleanse your skin every night to remove dirt and environmental aggressors including air pollution that can contribute to premature skin ageing signs such as fine lines and pigmentation spots. Additionally, pollutant particles and other impurities can collect on skin during the day and should be removed with a good cleansing routine.
Hydration – moisturising daily will help improve the barrier function of your skin so it is less vulnerable to feeling dry and uncomfortable.
Sunscreen – ultraviolet radiation is the most common culprit for premature skin ageing. Sun damage is cumulative over the years, and whilst you can’t undo the damage that has already taken place, you can prevent further additive damage to your skin. Use a product enriched with retinol before bed. These products are effective in improving the appearance of fine lines, wrinkles, and pigmentation.
Incorporate a serum into your routine, using it before your moisturiser morning and evening. Serums are clear, gel-like solutions which are absorbed quickly and penetrate into the skin. They are a fast-acting, intensive, transformative care to address a specific skincare concern therefore play a key role in your anti-aging armory.
Following these 5 steps will maintain the healthy look of your skin whilst fighting the appearance of ageing and environmental stressors.
Vichy’s Expert Dermatologist, Dr Anjali Mahto
26TH February 2016